This presentation discusses respiratory disease in cattle, sheep, and goats. It covers the common causes and contributing factors involved in the development of the disease, the most important pathogens associated with respiratory disease, as well as the common clinical signs, post-mortem changes, treatment, and preventative strategies. It will provide a general overview of the disease and its management thereof.

Course Design

The course starts with a description of the development of the disease whereafter the different contributing factors and pathogens are discussed, with a specific focus on the environmental and management factors, as well as the viral and bacterial organisms involved in the disease process.

This is followed by the clinical signs and post-mortem changes seen in the affected animals and finally the treatment and preventative options for the management of the disease with a list of the possible vaccines available for prophylactic use.

Course Highlights

  • Discussion of the contributing factors and pathogens involved in the development of respiratory disease.
  • An overview of the most important bacterial organisms playing a role in the progression of the disease.
  • A list of the clinical signs seen with respiratory disease and the post-mortem changes found.
  • Treatment and prevention protocols that can be implemented in the management of respiratory disease.

Learning Outcomes

After studying the material and completion of the course, the learner will have broadened his knowledge regarding:

The contributing factors in the development of pneumonia.

A discussion of the contributing factors – management as well as environmental, followed by the viral and microbial organisms involved.

The clinical signs observed when an animal has pneumonia.

The post-mortem changes found on examination when an animal has pneumonia.

The treatment indicated when an animal is diagnosed with pneumonia.

Preventative measures that can be implemented to prevent the onset of the disease.


Multiple-choice test.


In order to qualify for a certificate, the learner will be required to complete the course and pass the multiple-choice test with 80%.